In this article, I have explained all the information about Makar Sankranti Festival like its Beliefs, Names, History, and Significance.
Before starting this article, I would like to explain why I choose this title.
You should consider the fact that Hinduism is the oldest religion among all the religions and civilizations of the world on this earth. There are many festivals celebrated by Hindus in Sanatan Dharma, It means eternal religion.
Hindi readers can read the article: Makar Sankranti Festival in hindi
Significance: as we all know that Makar Sankranti festival is celebrated in the month of January every year. It is devoted to the Hindu God Surya. The importance of Surya is traceable to the Vedic texts, specifically in the Gayatri Mantra, a sacred verse of Hinduism discovered in the scriptures called Rigveda.
I hope you got my point, As Hinduism is an eternal religion and The Sun worship is mentioned in sacred scriptures that prove Makar Sankranti would be the 1st Festival of the world.
You may like to read our latest article with 100+ Happy Makar Sankranti 2023 Wishes with Makar Sankranti Images.
Why do we celebrate Makar Sankranti Festival?
Each festival has its own belief, Story, History, Significance, and Importance. Makar Sankranti is also a famous and sacred festival among all the festivals of Hindus. It also has a belief of its own. It is celebrated with gaiety in many states and parts of India.
करवाचौथ दिन, पूजा मुहूर्त और चद्रोदय समय हिंदी में पड़े
Makar Sankranti Names in Different States:
Makar Sankranti is called and celebrated with different names in different states of India. Makar Sankranti festival is also known by different names like Pongal, and Uttarayan. It is celebrated every year in the Shukla Paksha of Paush month. Makar Sankranti is generally celebrated on 14 January every year. It is one of those Indian Hindu festivals celebrated on a fixed date.
Makar Sankranti is celebrated by many names. Apart from Uttar Pradesh, Makar Sankranti is recognized and celebrated by different names in different states of India.
In India, Makar Sankranti Festival called with different names are given below:
|Sankranti, Makara Sankramanam, Pedda Panduga||Andhra Pradesh, Telangana|
|Pusna||West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya|
|Suggi Habba, Makara Sankramana, Makara Sankranti||Karnataka|
|Uttarayan or Ghughuti||Uttarakhand|
|Makara Mela and Makara Chaula||Odisha|
|Sankaranti or Shankaranti||Kerala|
|Dahi Chura or Til Sankranti||Mithila Bihar|
|Maghi Sankranti, Haldi Kumkum or Sankranti||Maharashtra, Jammu, Goa, Nepal|
|Pongal or Uzhavar Thirunal||Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia|
|Maghi||Haryana, Himachal Pradesh Punjab|
|Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu||Assam|
|Shishur Saenkraat||Kashmir Valley|
|Sakraat or Khichdi||Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar|
|Poush Sangkranti||West Bengal, Bangladesh|
The Makar Sankranti is celebrated with pomp. But in many parts, ‘Makar Sankranti’ is also known as Khichdi. It the importance of eating khichdi and donating khichdi on this day.
Beliefs of celebrating Makar Sankranti festival.
According to the Indian Hindu calendar (Panchang), on this day in the month of Paush, the Sun leaves Sagittarius and enters Capricorn. The Uttarayan movement of the Sun also starts on the day of Makar Sankranti. That is why this festival is also called Uttarayani in some places.
- Makar Sankranti is also celebrated as the ‘Festival of Charity’. The first batch of Magh Mela starts from Makar Sankranti and continues till the last bath of Shivratri. There is also a tradition of giving donations after bathing on the day of Makar Sankranti. Donating urad, rice, sesame, chivda, cow, gold, woolen clothes, blankets, etc. has its own importance on this day.
- It is celebrated in the month of Paush at the time of Surya Utarayan i.e. when the sun starts moving from the south to the north direction and the days become longer and the nights become shorter.
- According to astrology, the entry of the Sun from one zodiac to another is called Sankranti and on this day the Sun enters Capricorn from Sagittarius, hence it is called Makar Sankranti.
- This festival is completely associated with the Sun God. On this day the Sun God is worshipped and water is offered to him.
- Sesame and jaggery also matter a lot, so different sweets of sesame and jaggery are made in homes. People eat peanuts, and revdi and distribute them among others.
- People visit pilgrimage sites to take baths and offer prayers. Donating on this day gives hundredfold merit.
- It is also celebrated in the joy of the good yield of crops. The green fields filled with mustard are very attractive. Makar Sankranti is considered to mark the arrival of the spring season. In many states of India, people celebrate this day by flying kites. Even in schools, children celebrate the festival of Makar Sankranti by flying kites and participating in the celebrations.
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